Despite this, some private sperm donors offer both natural and artificial insemination, or they may offer natural insemination after attempts to achieve conception by artificial insemination have failed. A donor may set a lower limit and may impose conditions on the use of his sperm. Accordingly, donations should be concentrated in large sperm banks in order to facilitate the distribution of samples to clinics that are remote from each other. In the UK, donor anonymity was removed in so all who donate through clinics now agree to their identity being accessible to donor-conceived individuals at age 18 years. Donor sperm is less commonly used for IVF treatments than for artificial insemination. This is to ensure no new infections have been acquired or have developed during the period of donation.
The Southern Baptist Convention holds that sperm donation from a third party violates the marital bond.
Maximum number of children per sperm donor based on false paternity rate
The law may however, make implications in relation to legal fatherhood or the absence of a father. Archived from the original on 6 June The values assigned to the variables required by the model were as follows:. Moreover, the risk of consanguinity in the general population is much higher due to cases of false paternity than to the use of donated gametes in assisted reproduction. A study of Dutch recipients choices", Human Reproduction Vol. The meaning of anonymity in this context requires further investigation: However, whilst details of a donor's age, marital status and parental status are routinely collected by HFEA licenced clinics, information about their sexual orientation is not; likewise most studies of donors' characteristics do not report their sexual orientation e.